In the United States, this month is Cataract Awareness Month. Are you aware that cataracts are the leading cause of vision loss among adults aged 55 and older? Actually, more than half of all people who are 65 and older have at the very least, partial cataract development. As stated by the National Eye Institute, by the time they reach 80 years old, more than 50 percent of all Americans will have had a cataract.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens; one which limits or changes the passage of light into the eye. When it comes to most people, cataracts are a normal result of older age. Other potential causes for developing a cataract include extended exposure to UV rays from the sun, hypertension, family medical history, long-term steroid use, eye injuries and smoking.
In the initial stages of cataract development, stronger lighting and glasses may be prescribed to reduce the vision problems you might be having. At some point, however, cataract surgery might be necessary in order to rectify your sight. It's worth nothing that more than 90 percent of people who have cataract surgery regain excellent sight.
If you are in your 50s and noticing low vision symptoms, call our office to discuss cataracts with your optometrist. Cataracts are treatable, and we know you want to see well throughout your later years.